Vitamins & Minerals

There are two major groups of non-caloric nutrients, but which are required for a healthy metabolism. They are vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins

Vitamins are the classical essential nutrients. Without a regular dietary supply, our body will experience deficiencies that result in disease. The best known example is probably gum disease when lacking vitamin C for an extended period of time. Another example is Rickets, an underdeveloped bone skeleton that is the result of vitamin D deficiency. This vitamin is not strictly essential, as short exposure of the skin to sunlight can provide enough vitamin D for adequate mineral absorption and bone growth.


Minerals

Minerals are salts that have to be ingested and are found in various amounts in diverse foods. Eating a rich diet of fruits, vegetables and meats (and dairy products) always provides enough minerals for a healthy life. Minerals play essential roles in all physiological processes and their benefit cannot be easily reduced to single effects. The most prominent examples of minerals are the role of calcium in bone strength, iron in blood maintenance, and sodium in blood pressure regulation.

 


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